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Haghighi, M., A. Afsharikea, M. Mozafareian.2014. Usage of Herbal (Thyme and Chicory) Waste as an Organic Substrate in Cucumber Production. Communications in soil science and plant analysis. 45: 2607-2619.

 

Haghighi, M., A. Afsharikea, M. Mozafareian.2014. Usage of Herbal (Thyme and Chicory) Waste as an Organic Substrate in Cucumber Production. Communications in soil science and plant analysis. 45: 2607-2619.

Abstract

This experiment was conducted in a greenhouse to study the effect of herbal waste substrate as local substrate in cucumber (Cucumis sativus cv. Zomorod) production. Treatments included thyme: perlite (T50:PR50); thyme: perlite (T25:PR75); thyme, perlite: peat moss (T25:PR25:P50); chicory: perlite (C50:PR50); chicory: perlite (C25:PR75); chicory: perlite: peat moss (C25:PR25:P50), and perlite (100) as control.The experiment was conducted based on a completely randomized design with 5 replications. The results showed that fruit number and fruit weight were more (about 54% and 65%, respectively) in C25:PR25:P50 treatment than that in the control. Also, the highest leaves number, shoot length, shoot fresh and dry weights, and root freshand dry weights were observed in this treatment (C25:PR25:P50). The highest K, Ca,Mg, Mn, and Fe contents were obtained in C50:PR50 treatment. Zn and Cu significantly increased in C25:PR25:P50 treatment. In general, substrate containing chicory was more effective than substrate containing thyme. As comparison among all the substrates, substrate containing chicory, C25:PR25:P50 had a significant effect on growth and yield, and C50:PR50 was more effective than the other substrate on nutrient element concentrations.
Journal Papers
Month/Season: 
October
Year: 
2014